On January 6th, a research team led by the head of the Chinese department of the National University of Singapore, Ding Ho-sheng, and senior researcher Xu Yuan-tai, visited the local halls, temples and graveyards in recent years and began a vast collection and coding effort aimed at establishing a large database of the network of personal and personal relationships of the eight generations of Singaporean sages from 1819 to 2019 to write the network of Chinese relations in Singapore.
Local hua society studies not only focus on chinese leaders, but also look at the historical \"small people \", and further write the network of hua community leaders and middle and low-level social figures through the big data spectrum.
In 2017, the team began using the Geographic Information System to capture Singapore's history. Since the launch in february 2019 of the \"singapore biography database \", co-founded by the singapore national library administration, the zongxiang association of singapore and the chinese department of the national university of singapore, the database has brought to a new stage 200 key local chinese leaders and their expanded network of social relations.
Xu pointed out that the establishment of the database is based on the \"big man \", and has collated the data of about 1000 Chinese leaders. Their plan is to build a big database of the network of personal and persona relationships of the eight generations of Singaporean sages from 1819 to 2019. At one stage every 25 years, the team is now compiling information on some 50,000 people in the Singapore Chinese Language Engraved 1819-1911.
Xu said that the 50,000 people were a huge network, from the halls, temples and inscriptions, most of them are unknown \"small people \",\" these middle and lower class figures, also constitute the important elements of the chinese society, but often ignored by the academic community.\"
In addition, the team is exploring new first-hand information, including special collections from the major halls, and death records copied from tombstones, identified and digitalized by the team, from which more than 60,000 names were compiled from 1922 to 1972.
“At present, the academic community has never included this information in its study." Mr. Xu said the monuments were kept by the National Bureau of Cultural Heritage, most of them of which were native to Fujian.
Ding Hesheng and Xu Yuantai also took the students personally to Wuji Brown cemetery to find earlier tombstones, and have now found more than 1500 Qing Dynasty names. Of the gravestones found, the oldest was in 1824.
Xu revealed that the team has set up a separate database for the tombstones over the past two years, and will also connect with the \"Singapore biography database\" in the future, allowing the combination of geographic information of tombstones and personal information of characters to open up new research perspectives and directions.
The team also teamed up with the Singapore Family Spectrum Society to collect more than 100 genealogy data, mainly from Fujian and Guangdong, including families from Chaozhou. Xu Yuantai said that during the Ming and Qing dynasties, there were a large number of immigrants migrating to places such as Singapore and Taiwan, and by studying genealogy, we can see the relationship and differences between the immigrants separated from the two places.
Xu also pointed out that research on people in places such as the United States and Taiwan focused mainly on \"Shi \", that is, intellectuals,\" but in the early years of the Xinma region, there were more businessmen and workers, who often retained their names by building temples and guild halls. The entry point for our study is therefore quite different. There are, of course, a lot of quantities and a lot of difficulties, so it's not easy to build such a database.\"
Zhang Wenbo (23), a master's degree in Chinese at the National University of Singapore, and Deng Kaine (21), a second-year Chinese student at the Nanyang Technological University, were part of the team involved in the study of temples and tombstones.
Mr. deng said the fieldwork process was rigorous and that the information on the tombstones should be carefully classified, identified and proofread. The collated data need to be further coded for inclusion in the database for analysis.
Mr Hui believes the study can help to understand the local footprint and interaction of the Chinese community.\" Singapore's halls and temples are constantly being relocated, many records are being lost and many names are being repeated. But through the recognition and coding of computers, we can help us connect together a network, see what the human brain and the naked eye cannot see, and ask new questions. \"(Bian He)...